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Identifying Unused Indexes in Oracle9i

Oracle Tips by Burleson Consulting

One of the most serious causes of poor DML performance is the existence of unused indexes. Until Oracle9i, there was no way to identify those indexes that were not being used by SQL queries. This section describes the Oracle9i method that allows the Remote DBA to locate and delete unused indexes.

The approach is quite simple. Oracle9i has a tool that allows you to monitor index usage with an alter index command. You can then query and find those indexes that are unused and drop them from the database.

Note: This script only works in Oracle9i.

A Sample Index Monitoring Session

Let’s say that we want to know if our customer_last_name_idx index is being used by SQL queries. We can issue the following alter index command to turn on monitoring for the index.

SQL> alter index customer_last_name_idx monitoring usage;

Here is a script that will turn on monitoring of usage for all indexes in a system:

set pages 999;
set heading off;

spool run_monitor.sql

select
   'alter index '||owner||'.'||index_name||' monitoring usage;'
from
   Remote DBA_indexes
where
   owner not in ('SYS','SYSTEM','PERFSTAT')
;

spool off;

@run_monitor

Next, we wait until a significant amount of SQL has executed on our database, and then query the new v$object_usage view:

select
   index_name,
   table_name,
   mon,
   used
from
   v$object_usage;

Here we see that v$object_usage has a single column called used, which will be set to YES or NO. Sadly, this will not tell you how many times the index has been used, but this tool is useful for investigating unused indexes.

    INDEX_NAME               TABLE_NAME     MON USED
    ---------------         --------------- --- ----
    CUSTOMER_LAST_NAME_IDX   CUSTOMER       YES NO  

Tuning Index Contention with Hidden Parameters

Oracle has numerous “hidden” parameters that are used to change the internal behavior of Oracle. As you may know, all hidden parameters begin with an underscore character. Whenever index contention is experienced (as evidenced by process waits), adjusting the following parameters may be helpful.

  •  _db_block_hash_buckets Defaults to 2x db_block_buffers but should be the
    nearest prime number to the value of 2x db_block_buffers.

  • _db_block_hash_latches Defaults to 1024 but 32,768 is a better value.

  • _kgl_latch_count Defaults to zero which is means 1 + number of CPUs. Lock contention can often be reduced by resetting this value to 2*CPUs +1.


This is an excerpt from "Oracle9i High Performance tuning with STATSPACK" by Oracle Press.


If you like Oracle tuning, you may enjoy the new book "Oracle Tuning: The Definitive Reference", over 900 pages of BC's favorite tuning tips & scripts. 

You can buy it direct from the publisher for 30%-off and get instant access to the code depot of Oracle tuning scripts.


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